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Underground drainage - say no excess moisture!

Perhaps, almost every argument, arrived in the spring to the country or leaving a gloomy autumn morning on the porch of his suburban home to discover that move around entrusted to you by right of ownership the territory can only be jumping or accurate bounds on concrete paths. Lo and behold – and here and there puddles and near came and did a kind of fast mountain rivers. Blame the groundwater and precipitation – melting of the first sun rays snow or rain.

wet feet and dirty boots – it's not so bad, if not a quarter. From excessive moisture in the soil gradually eroded the foundations of buildings, basements become unusable. Suffer and plants: water prevents oxygen " break " to the root system and your favorite ficus with spiderwort can easily be ordered to live long and cherished apple – to kick the bucket.

The degree of wetting of the soil after heavy rains and fast drying it depends on the type of soil in which your are located buildings and green spaces. The more clay in it, moisture retention, the longer the plot will resemble not an oasis, but trivial swamp. And even capitally constructed asphalt trails and paths made on the conscience can not withstand a battle with rain and collapse. Unfortunately, the water gives us life in this case is a direct enemy, and enemies, as you know, supposed to fight.

A weapon in this fight is not easy drainage. Drainage is a system of interconnected tubes, which are located around or along the protected area   and provide drainage of moisture beyond. On the organization of a drainage system is necessary to think at the stage of designing the house and garden area as a whole. It is necessary to carry out site investigations and draft a drainage system, which will be accurately calculated all its parameters. Only in this case, the result of painstaking work to protect the possessions of the excessive moisture will meet expectations.

As practice shows, the best is a combination of stormwater, which is struggling with the effects of precipitation and underground drainage system, reducing the groundwater level to a depth of 6 meters.

Drainage pipes

tubes used in the creation of the drainage network, called the drains (from Eng. drain – drain). Their main feature is the perforations through which water enters the drainage system and then excreted outside the area. Drainage pipes are of different diameters and structure; selection of a particular type of product depends on what tasks put before drainage system – diversion of water from buildings or from the ground within the garden plot.

The most commonly used today, polyethylene pipes and TFC in diameter from 110 to 200 mm and a length of 40 or 50 meters. The main advantages of this material is durable – the warranty period of such pipes for 50 years. Polyethylene pipes are corrugated and smooth; In some cases, the stiffeners are made and filters of different materials. With the construction of buildings shown its effectiveness plastic pipes with a diameter of 110 mm.

As a rule, the drainage pipes without winding hiding perforations in the troughs of the wave. This avoids clogging of the openings for the passage of water and, therefore, provides long-lasting drainage systems without performing maintenance work. If you have a coil made of geo holes are also protected by the wave troughs, and an obstacle to the soil particles is a special case of geotextiles. Manufactures and Plastic drains in the winding of natural materials – coconut fiber, which successfully prevents the pipe from silting up.

The depth proleganiya pipes all the above types – from 1.2 to 3.5 m. They are used in the construction of private houses and landscaping suburban areas, and in the construction of industrial shops, office buildings and other structures. A sound system of protection from falling into the hole drains small foreign particles allows fearlessly apply such pipes in clay soils. It should be noted that the drainage can be laid both before and after the works on waterproofing basements and foundations, but you must do this before backfilling the outside of the foundation.

Laying drainage pipes

As mentioned above, the underground drainage system should be combined with a storm sewer, and, if so, then it is advisable to lay the corresponding pipe in a trench. The first step is to stamp the bottom, and then pour a mixture of 10 centimeters of gravel and coarse sand, and then lay the pipe to the desired angle – depending on the type of soil it should be from 2 to 10 mm per meter. Often used the average value of – 5-6 mm.

Features a drain so that all through foundation base level was higher. With branches and bends pipes used for direct connection elements – coupling. After laying the pipe is filled with rubble or gravel grain size less than 16 mm. The thickness of the top layer depends on the type of soil: the smaller the permeability, the greater the need to gravel. Then geotextile is laid on a layer of sand which is poured. Along the perimeter of the foundation layer capable of flowing water should reach the surface of the earth, on the rest of the trench covered with earth, which is to follow this carefully go through, sifting stones, glass and everything else that can damage the drainage system. Backfill produce two layers: the first – compacted – It creates additional protection tubes and the second – surface – enables the use of the soil for planting garden plants.

Drainage wells

As with any other engineering structures, drainage system requires periodic maintenance to ensure its long-term and uninterrupted operation. This purpose is served drainage wells, allowing both to monitor the performance of your drain and clean the pipe powerful jet of water. The wells should be installed at every bend of the drainage network.

There are several types of drainage wells. Bilge water well with automatic pump comprises of a frame, bottom, cover, fasteners for the pump, the pump itself and the hose for water. Manhole consists only of the carcass, and the bottom cover. They are made mostly of plastics or concrete.

The design of the drainage system is required to provide water inlet and a well, which should be placed at the bottom of the relief area. It will flock all collected water, which can then be either vented outside of your possessions, and can be used for watering the greenery.

The drainage system is a major engineering structures, and will qualitatively perform its function only when it is well-designed and carefully assembled. Determining the structure of the network, the depth and angle of bedding pipes – not an easy task, which must be highly qualified specialists. After take off-site need only to excess moisture; excessive drainage, as well as an overabundance of moisture, causing serious damage to the soil. Great importance played by the quality of materials that make up the drainage system.

The Company " hydronic " It offers a wide range of elements for the construction of underground drainage: tubes of different types and modifications, couplings, pipes, drainage wells. The company has many years of experience in the market of a water equipment, which proves the reliability and durability of the goods sold. Products " hydronic " will allow you to not worry about your site and buildings located on it during rain and snow melt, and thus allows to enjoy life to the fullest!

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