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What are the stained-glass windows

It is known that any room requires its color content. We are used to this feature usually carry wallpaper, carpets, lamps, or at worst, a painting or mural. Today we would like to remind about one more element of the decor, which is able to make one of the most brilliant and decisive accents in the color ensemble - stained glass.

Actually stained glass window - a story or ornamental composition of colored glass or other material that transmits light. In classical (typesetting) separate pieces of stained glass stained glass, carved on a particular pattern, interconnected profiles of lead, copper or brass. The richer the texture of the glass, the more beautiful and spectacular stained glass.

The sun's rays are refracted, forcing the glass to burn bright rich colors, making it every time a new and unique. Painted in classic stained-glass window executed by firing with special paints, it does not burn and is not cleared for years. Price " classic " - From $ 700 per square. m. It typically includes setting.

At the end of the last century it was invented a new assembly technique, called " Tiffany ", named after its creator. According to her, each glass plate recovering foil, and then dispersed glass solder with each other. Rejection of the hard metal frame made possible the use of such decorative items not only as glass fill openings in the walls, but also, for example, as lampshades, lighting or decoration for the ceiling. The cost of goods in style " Tiffany " from $ 1000 per square meter. m.

In addition to classic, there are several modern manufacturing techniques of stained glass. One of them - the American technology SGO. On a transparent glass sheet is applied to a solid multi-layer coating, which gives future product color and texture. Figure glass is performed by pulling the lead attached to both sides of the glass. This technology has a number of undeniable advantages which provide the increasing popularity of stained glass, manufactured by this technology. First used as a basis for such a stained glass float glass makes it possible to use it in the insulating glass units in compliance with all technological standards. Agree, sometimes it is necessary to close the unsightly view from the window, or beat it with a translucent figure.

Secondly, the basis for this stained glass may be not only a silicate, and acrylic, which significantly reduces the weight. Therefore, these stained glass windows are often used for decoration of ceilings. Thirdly, this process allows the creation of any plastic lines in the figure. And finally, a stained glass window is twice cheaper classic.

Next modern manufacturing techniques of stained glass is called " fusing " (" sintering "). The essence of this method lies in the fact that a solid piece of glass formation is going to figure out the future of stained glass pieces of colored glass, glass beads, batch, glass tubes, etc. Then, the glass heats up in a special furnace to a temperature of 850 degrees and is sintered in solid formation. Despite the complexity of manufacturing, stained glass, made by technology " fusing ", may have a different shape, thickness and texture. This allows their use as spectacular different interior elements: in the form of baffles, inserts in the wall, as a countertop. Such stained glass look modern and aesthetically pleasing, and are popular. Especially need to pay attention to them his admirers in the interior of postmodernism and high-tech. Cost of stained glass in the art " fusing " - From $ 700 per square meter.

There is also a technology " casting ", known here as the " Murano glass ". For the casting of a stained glass in metal form at the bottom of which there is embossed grooves. These depressions filled with molten colored glass, which is then covered with a layer of transparent glass. But unlike in the technique of glass " sintering " drawing on " Murano glass " limited to the form of the metal, with which it was made.

Stained glass in the sandblasting technique Engraving on glass and mirrors is much cheaper than the previous - from $ 250 per square. m. It is a glass thickness of 5 mm, on which several layers of applied design. With this method, you can create a matted picture or give glass glubokorelefnuyu structure. This allows you to do all sorts of glass paintings, inscriptions. Basically, the work performed by this method, associated with the compositions in the " floral grape subject ", as can be represented and abstract shapes. This stained glass window is ideal for interior in a classical style.

Next to the complex technology of the present stained glass technique can now be found psevdovitrazha film or lacquer psevdovitrazh. These stained glass windows are short-lived and does not bring joy in the interior.

The latest glass technology have greatly expanded possibilities of use of stained glass. Along with the usual use of stained glass as a filling opening, increasingly began dating methods where glass is used in the most unpredictable ways: as an inlay ceilings; as a delimiting space partitions, screens; as the design of lampshades, wall lights; as an insert in the furniture (cupboards, cabinets) or countertops; or as a decoration of the premises, in the form of solid panels or even planes.

Due to increased attention to the value of " clean " material, surface, texture, glass products are not only precious Socket, but completely independent, self-valuable product.

If you do not have enough money to buy a real stained glass, and have a home of his like, you can make it yourself.

Manufacturing technology is as follows: Get a cardboard with the selected color pattern and contour lines, executed in ink. In accordance with a pattern make a cut (your regular roller glass cutter) stained glass. Then place the cardboard sheet of transparent silica glass and make a " dry " try-set of stained glass. Colored glass lay out exactly according to the sketch. For connection between a glass and the bottom surface is necessary to prepare a solution (1 part cement, 3 parts sand to 1 part glue type PVA). Preparing it in a special container, is suitable for a bottle of shampoo, which is inserted into the cork glass or plastic tube diameter of 4-5 mm. Before filling the edges of colored glass in the joints with the silicate glass, carefully lubricate the solution. After drying make a basic fill the space between the pieces of colored glass. In this treatment, the solution does not seep under the stained glass and stained glass obtained accurate. If this stained glass you will use as a decorative wall element, in its upper corners of the pre-lay steel wire with loops for hanging. Stained glass for windows run on the glass is removed from the frame.

Modern stained glass window designed for electric lighting, which greatly expanded the possibilities of its application in architecture - not only in the windows, but in the interior partitions and false ceilings.

Extensive use of glass in modern construction necessitated the introduction of the latest technologies based on stained glass solid, special colored laminate and lead profile of different sections.

Stained collected by this technology, outwardly indistinguishable from the classic and can not only be used in the restoration, but also to create the effect of antiquity.

Do not think that stained the place only in churches or at least in restaurants, clubs and shops. The unique characteristics of the stained glass is particularly interesting in the residential interior. They can decorate the window, keeping the transparency and you can make a bright spot, carrier protection functions from the eyes of strangers.

Because of its light transmission stained glass plane can serve as an excellent reception zoning does not violate the integrity of the perception of space. It should be especially noted that only able to create a stained glass window in the interior of the special light and air, volatile and unpredictable game color. Stained glass is unthinkable without the light, so the ability to disperse the glass light, but not absorb it, you can create in the interior with stained glass unusual colors.

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