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Features of the construction of frame baths

Today, all over the world are actively developing frame construction. Modern technology allows the lowest economic cost and minimal effort to build the necessary buildings.   Frame bath is no exception. On the need to build half the tree than to log bruschatoy baths, and the construction itself will be much easier. Another advantage — frame wall panel bath will not shrink. In addition, moisture — this is the most favorable environment for the development of the fungus, which is very difficult to fight. But here it is necessary to comply with all the technology in the construction of walls to the inner cavity of the carcass did not penetrate the moisture through cracks or gaps in the rain, snow, and that was not going to condensation in cold weather.

To protect from moisture on the inner surface of the perimeter of the bath lay as a vapor barrier asphalt, plastic wrap or roofing material between the lining and insulation.

General requirements for the design of

To the bath was warm, the main demand — good insulation. It is necessary to eliminate all the possible ways of heat loss, to ensure a good seal, while maintaining the normal air circulation. When the walls are made of bricks, the heat loss can only be achieved by increasing the thickness of the masonry up to 50cm, since the thickness is much smaller thermal conductivity and heat loss due to the temperature in the steam room will always fall.

To frame walls retain heat as well as a log, they must be filled with mineral wool or fiberglass. Thermal conductivity of this material three times less than the timber. Insulation thickness 10 cm can significantly reduce heat loss by up to 40 kcal/h to 1m2, it is 4 times less than the brick wall of the same size.

As with any other structure, the beginning of construction – This foundation. Dimensions framing baths on individual needs, it all depends on the availability of free space and funds for the construction. Wall framing baths stacked layers on the foundation and trimmed on both sides of the board, as a layer cake. Between the layers of paving the heater.

Lining of walls steam

The walls of the steam room sheathe dried boards, thickness 20-30mm. It is possible to use those kinds of wood which are not deformed during use. Low thermal conductivity has aspen, birch, basswood, pine, larch.

In the steam room of the board should be vertical and perfectly fit in size to each other. Under the inner lining is necessary to put a plastic film, glassine paper or aluminum foil for vapor barrier, they do not have a specific smell in the heating process, in contrast to the felts or roofing material, which will be all the time to publish an unpleasant odor.

The most difficult to lay the insulation in the corners between the ceiling and the walls, but most importantly, the top of the steam bath, it is in the joints. Insulation is necessary to bend at the headliner at 15-20cm. Lining baths are not painted or varnished, as when heated emit harmful substances.

Lining of walls waiting room

The walls are sheathed waiting room on the same principle as the steam room, but as insulation foam can be used, as there is no such a high temperature.  

siding exterior walls bath

The outer side of the carcass baths should be more stringent, so the board during a sheathing horizontally. To trim fit fir or pine boards with different types of articulation.

If the skeleton is sheathed butt underneath you must put a layer of waterproofing material (roofing felt, roofing felt). Insulating material fill the space between the inner and outer skin. Its thickness depends on the performance of heat conduction.

To heat losses are minimized, the window and door frame and corners with inside and outside cased boards and architraves. The outer wall must be protected against rotting, because it is constantly in contact with the external environment. To do this, it must be covered with varnish or paint.

Filing ceiling

When filing ceiling matched smooth planed planks 2-3cm thick and nailed to each beam separately nails, which should be longer than 3 is pleased to board thickness. Insulate the ceiling the same as the walls and the insulation is laid in front of the layer vapor barrier material.

To compile the framework baths, pre-prepared frame. Each wall should be a separate frame is composed of studs, mullions and transoms. Frame weight can reach up to 200kg, it all depends on the type of wood. That you have chosen as the skin, so that the installation will take several people. Thermal parameters depend on the width of the frame. Filling the space between the frames should be equal to the width of the rack. The size of the bath is designed in advance.

The plinth consists of aniseprirovannyh planks laid on the outer edge of the outer contour of the wall and connected to the corners of the nails or spliced ​​at the joints. The length of the connection is equal to two board thicknesses. They only laid horizontally on support and level by level. If you want to align the plane and there are minor deviations, put a pad of tar paper or different sized antiseprirovannyh boards. You must also check the box of the binding to this measured diagonally.

Fig.1. Frame framing baths.

As you can see in Figure 1, the frame consists of a frame of axes, the distance between them should not exceed 60 cm, only in case of installation of door and window frames, and that no more than 100cm. In these places, the width between the uprights is determined by the dimensions of the boxes.

If you need to, you can add a rack to the openings and below them. Racks must also be installed in the joints of the walls and partitions. All the elements interconnected nails. As boards, strapping can be spliced, if necessary.

To set up the carcass structure, it is necessary to lay down the first corner and then had put the wall. Under the first corner second frame is mounted and fixed   strut. The upper and lower strapping bonded together to design reliability.  

When all the frames are installed, check the vertical and horizontal strapping top and staple all together. Bottom rail is attached to the cap nails.  

Boarding frame

Frame from the outside can be plastered or perform any other finish. To lay a good plaster on the exterior walls, it is necessary to fill the walls of the oblique stripe stab boards on top of her stuffed plaster lath. From the outside sometimes perform a partial or sheathe sewing the wood-fiber plates.  

The main requirement to the skin — well close the joints between the frames. The internal parts of the walls are sheathed with boards, 15mm in width, they are superimposed derevovoloknistaya board, plywood or cardboard. After the walls are erected, it is necessary to treat the entire surface of the structure varnish and paint. On the outside of the space filled with insulating material during mounting plating.

Partitions in a bath built after the construction of the frame.

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