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The application rates of water at various water supply schemes of a country house

An example of an individual house water supply could serve as a man who drags himself to the column on the far pond or spill a couple of buckets of water. If the use of a yoke, we will improve a little bit off the water to your home. But there are more comfortable solutions. We will consider them in this chapter. It should be noted that, depending on the location of your home, distance from a variety of sources of water supply schemes may be different, highly individual. To understand all this, the developer would be nice to understand the theory of abstraction (ie the origin of the water), which is water, how to check the water quality.

Firstly, water is divided into three groups: drinking, technical, water for irrigation. The most stringent requirements for drinking water (can not be otherwise - is our health). Drinking water should comply with GOST 2874-82 with changes " drinking water. Hygienic requirements and quality control ". In accordance with the requirements of sanitary regulations water must be clear, colorless, without the tastes and smells; It must be bacterially clean (i.e., in 1 liter of water coli bacterial content no more than 10); the nitrate content should not exceed 10 mg/l.

For various household purposes (laundry, washing dishes, etc.), you can use the so-called process water. It also substantially corresponds to the requirements of GOST. In small amounts, it must not threaten the health of humans and animals.

The quality of irrigation water is not regulated. For this purpose, they can be used in various water reservoirs, including rain, melt water (collected at different water inlet).

In determining the suitability of water necessary to carry out physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis. If you do not have the appropriate equipment and you are uncomfortable with State standards and requirements, it is necessary to consult specialists (district offices of sanitary-epidemiological service). You need to clean the dishes take a sample of water and contact the nearest branch of SES with a request to check on the quality of the corresponding fluid. Normally, the analysis results are known the next day. If the results show that the water is not potable, do not despair: first, it means that it is already suitable for domestic purposes, and secondly, it can be brought to the level of drinking, having passed through a filter (filter characteristics and principles of filtration you will find at the end of this chapter). Take the time after the acquisition of a filter try it out and purified water again, bring to the SES for verification. I think the result will be positive (but better safe than sorry).

Now, consider the theory of the appearance of the water in your home country. Water country house can be carried out by the central water supply of populated areas, as well as from individual sources. As a rule, are the sources of underground water.

Even with a nearby pond, river, lake water for drinking is usually taken from the earth, cleaner, filtered subterranean formation. Groundwater can be of three types: perched, primer and mizhplastovi water.

Education groundwater seepage occurs through the underground layers of water from rain or surface water.

The application rates of water (based on 5 persons):

consumer Water use of standpipes Water supply and sewage without baths Water supply and sewerage system with baths, local water heaters Water supply and sewerage system with baths, local water heaters
m 3 /d m 3 /h m 3 /d m 3 /h m 3 /d m 3 /h m 3 /d m 3 /h
Residents 0,2 0,02 0,7 0,07 0,9 0,09 1,3 0,13
Livestock 0,3 0,03 0,3 0,03 0,3 0,03 0,3 0,03
Watering territory 0,3 - 0,3 - 0,3 - 0,3 -
Total 0,8 0,05 1,3 0,1 1,5 0,12 1,9 0,16

The application rates of water:

water consumers The application rates of water per person
l/d l/h
Residential houses with running water and sewage without baths 120 6,5
The same gas supply 150 7
With the water supply, sewage and baths
- water heaters, solid fuel 180 8,1
- with gas water heaters 225 10,5
The same with high-speed multi-point gas water heaters and water intake 250 13
With a centralized hot water with wash basins, sinks and showers 230 12,5
Water use of standpipes without entering into the house 40 -

The rate of application of water to irrigate the infield are advised to take up to 4 l/day at 1 m 2 . For hothouse water consumption are taken depending on the type of greenhouses (per night):

  • for groundwater, winter, spring - 15 l/m 2 ;
  • stelazhnyh for winter - 6 l/m 2 ;
  • for greenhouses - 6 l/m 2 .
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