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Types of structures of brick walls for the bath


Despite the fact that the baths of the wooden bricks baths inferior thermal conductivity and is slowly heated to the desired temperature, they are widely used in modern construction. Such baths are more economical, durable and safe.

The most common designs of brick walls

A wall with an air gap

The air gap width 4-6sm located in the interior of the wall, which consists of an outer clutch in a half-brick and the main one and a half brick. Between them there is an air gap. Every 4-6 rows of laid bonder ligation method or reinforcement 6-8mm   steel rods, the distance between the armature sostavlyat40-50 see. The rods are bent at the ends. An example of such a clutch shown in Fig. 1.


Figure 1.   The vertical section of the wall with an air gap.

A wall with insulation lining the inside of plate

In this case, the heater is attached to the wall with mortar beacons, forming air gaps, the size of 2-4cm. This laying may be other types of fastening insulating material with wooden slats. The joint itself is inserted into a cork, which is attached to the rack, and only on the rails already attached insulation boards. It is best used for insulation materials of inorganic origin, arbolit or slabs of lightweight concrete. The required insulation can be obtained with a wall thickness of half a brick and insulation from fibrolite plates with a thickness of 50 mm. An example of laying walls with paneling inside the seal shown in Fig. 2

Fig. 2. A wall with insulation lining inside of plate.

kolodtsevoy masonry — with thermal insulation backfilling between the outer and inner rows of brick with transverse partitions

The transverse wall in masonry kolodtsevoy located three brick masonry exterior corners are laid out next to the binder. The insulation material is filled gradually as the construction of the wall, each of 10-15 cm and carefully compacted. 2-3 layer of filling necessary to fill with mortar. As a suitable filling small slag, expanded clay or sand, which is mixed with sawdust and hydrated lime. Stirred bed of sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1.

Completing kolodtsevoy masonry must be three or four rows of solid masonry. The last row of masonry with backfill reinforced metal mesh. If in the future is supposed to plaster the front side seams 10-15 mm should be left blank. If the front panel will not be plastered in the future, it is necessary to fill the joints completely working solution and the excess solution was removed with a trowel.

Stitches unplastered surfaces can be treated with grouting after every 4th row. Bearing walls shall be not less than 250 mm, the usual spread in a half-brick walls, or a quarter. Partitions or piers, laid out in a quarter brick, which has a length of 1.5 m, it must be reinforced with steel wire every 2-3 series. To suit plaster cement-sand mortar.

To plaster was more robust, it is performed on a metal grid spanning the nails that are hammered   in stitches. For the dressing seams using quarters and halves of bricks. Rows of bricks that are stacked along the walls of the long side surfaces are called stretcher, short side surfaces, perpendicular to the plane of the wall — tychkovymi.

Uneven or faulty bricks laid the whole side out. If you do not have enough halves, the bricks can be cut with a hammer-kirochkoy. To cut across the brick, you must make a few strokes with the edge of a hammer-kirochki stumps on lines in adjacent planes, then a sharp blow chips intended part, putting it on the edge of the hands. Figure 3 shows the annular masonry filled with insulating material between the outer and inner rows of brick with transverse partitions.

Figure 3

Ring clutch with filling insulating material between the             the outer and inner rows of bricks with transverse partitions.

Masonry can be performed in any manner. Since a small volume, the most commonly used system-row ligation, which is very reliable and durable. It differs in that the stretcher and alternate bonder series. Vertical joints overlap the next row of bricks. The main condition – ensure ligation in each row. This can be achieved if the installation of walls and corners of the masonry will start and finish trehchetvertinkami.

Stages of construction brick baths

First, how to begin building — This foundation. After pouring the foundation laid waterproofing material, made layout, which will be the walls and doorways. The contours of the walls is necessary to mark such a way that the length of the solid parts of a multiple of the size of bricks, take into account the thickness of the mortar between the bricks. This will help to further reduce the use of irregularities in the brick.

Bricklaying always starts from the angles. On the adjacent corners also need to put a few bricks, connecting them with a cord-prichalku. Follow the bricks are laid, focusing on existing corners. With cord we achieve smooth horizontal rows and the same stitches. Often at the corners spread beacons – small plots of 5-6 series. Cord prichalku mounted on nails and is fixed in the joints. It is set separately for each row, retreating from 3-4 mm on the vertical plane. When the cord is stretched, the solution is applied.

The solution is necessary before serving stir. A portion of the solution, which is applied to the wall is equal to an even layer of no more than 25mm.

Erection of brick walls baths

In the process of building walls bath is necessary to control the quality of the weld. The filling should be uniform and the same seal, i.e., the same thickness. The strength of masonry depends on the uniform and proper process of masonry. Masonry walls can be made poryadnym way around the perimeter of the wall when first laid out a series of walls, then the second and so on, but often spread individual sections.

At the stage of construction of the walls, if possible, it is better to incorporate doors and windows. This facilitates the laying of — You need not use formwork to create webs. If ducts doors and windows are not installed immediately thereafter have to apply the formwork, which is made of boards. Before you put the jumper on the formwork, its top coated with a solution of 20-30 mm, and placed rebar, which is folded around the brick. Valves must be on each side of the opening act for 25-30 cm. The jumper must be dry before installing formwork.

Jumper over the door and window openings often used ordinary, which is suitable if the width of the span of less than 2 meters. Drilling jumper is laid out, observing the horizontal rows. Terms of dressings are the same as in the masonry walls. To select jumper taken brick, masonry mortar should be 25 or higher grade. To use the formwork jumpers with the board thickness 40-50mm. Wooden elements must be protected by roofing.

Each type of wall construction reduced significantly reduces the consumption of bricks, and this results in good thermal properties. All work should be carried out carefully, observing all the rules of masonry.  


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