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Ceramic and cement-sand tile

Ceramic and cement-sand tile

Ceramic tile  

Ceramic (clay) tiles - an elite, prestigious material virtually does not require any maintenance.
For the manufacture of ceramic tile used fusible clay, which, unlike the clay used to make bricks, more fatty and plastic.

Production of ceramic tiles are usually placed next to a quarry, from which take natural raw materials (clay). Very often, the issue involved shingles brick factories, though its production can be independent.

First, the clay mass is molded in the form of tiles (special forms), and then calcined in furnaces. Roasting is very energy-intensive process, and this is due to the high price of their products. But, on the other hand, the high cost is fully consistent with the quality of the elite roofing material.

The modern production of ceramic tiles is different in that it is almost fully automated and manual operations are minimized. This allows you to significantly increase productivity, improve product quality, including significantly reduced tolerance deviations from the geometrical parameters.

Natural brick-red color of the material attached to the oxides iron contained in the clay. No special dyes is added. At the same time, ceramic tile, produced in different plants, different shades, due to the characteristics of the clay used.

Distinguish full ceramic tile can be by tapping on it. The sound should be ringing and clean, not jarring. And apparently it differs from the cement-sand tiles thick plates, form the edge, natural brick color.

Cement-sand tile

Cement-sand tile is made of cement, silica sand and natural pigments based on iron oxide. Such tiles are not exposed to roasting, and receives strength as a result of hardening cement. The quality of the cement-sand tile is highly dependent on the quality of the raw materials used and compliance with production technology.

In contrast to the ceramic tiles, the color of cement-sand is determined by special dyes that are added to the concrete mass before molding. These dyes do not affect the strength of the tile and are resistant to solar radiation. After forming on the surface of the shingles usually apply a special composition, sealing the concrete surface and improves appearance of tiles. Also available unpainted gray tiles (concrete) color, which is used mainly for the reconstruction of buildings of historic buildings.

Cement-sand tile can be manufactured in almost any color. The most common and almost always available on request from the producers of color - brick red, black, green, brown. Shingles is usually made in other colors on request.

Cement-sand tile is slightly cheaper than ceramic, but has essentially the same characteristics: tensile strength and flexural strength, very high heat and frost resistance, water resistance, good dimensional stability. In addition, the cement-sand tile is also good dampens noise during rain or wind. Projected durability over - 100 years.

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